In an uplifting new report, scientist concluded that a Mediterranean diet high in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) may offer robust protection from breast cancer. For this five year clinical trial, a group of 4,000 women were placed on one of three different diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (>15% of total daily calories), a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts, or a control diet (no diet advice other than to reduce fat). Woman assigned to the Mediterranean diet with the EVOO were 62% less likely to develop breast cancer vs. woman in the control group diet. Those consuming the Mediterranean diet with the added nuts also experienced a lower risk of breast cancer, albeit at a rate not statistically significant. EVOO is home to a host of potential anti-cancer plant compounds, including potent antioxidant polyphenols and breast cancer-protective lignans, so these results are not surprising.