In the first major study to assess both fitness and body weight in the teen years—and relate it to the future risk of having a heart attack—scientists uncovered some notable findings. The study included 743,498 Swedish men who had their body weight and fitness levels measured at age 18. The study subjects were then monitored over the next 30 years. The key findings from this study included the following:
Study conclusions: Although fitness is beneficial, it cannot fully compensate for the future cardiovascular risk that comes from teenage overweight/obesity. Given our epidemic of teen obesity, these findings are particularly ominous.
(European Heart Journal, 2014;DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/eht527)